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HRM 432

Starting Your Research



Main site: Wikipedia

How it should be used:

  • Gather background information
  • Generate search terms
  • Find other resources in the bibliography/reference section

Cannot be cited because:

  • Currency (No guarantee when specific information has been updated)
  • Authority (Authors cannot be identified; not necessarily experts)
  • Point of View (Do not know if the author has bias)

Finding Scholarly Information

A. "Developing a Research or Guiding Question" (by Arizona State University): This video will help you understand the difference between a topic and a research question. It will also help you develop good research questions.

B. "Generating and Using Keywords" (by Arizona State University): This video explains how to determine keywords/concepts. It also explains the importance of finding synonyms or related concepts.

Research Question: How does playing video games affect teenage girls?


Concept 1


Concept 2


Concept 3

Extract the major concepts from your research question.





“video games”

List alternatives for each concept:

  • These can be synonyms, or they can be specific examples of the concept
  • Use single words or short phrases.
  • Find additional terms in abstracts and summaries of articles.


Search Terms

Search Terms

Search Terms



“online games”





“teenage girls”


















Evaluating a Journal Article

Evaluating Resources: Is Your Research CRAAP? (This is a video, from Arizona State University, that provides criteria for evaluating resources).

Evaluating Resources Activity:

You have been assigned a paper relating to Post-Apartheid South Africa. You need to find resources. You have not been limited to only scholarly sources. Your research question is:

How have apartheid laws affected peoples' views about and experiences of racism in South Africa today?

Your assignment is to examine the following 2 articles to determine whether or not they would be good resources for your paper. Here are the steps:

1. Copy and paste the titles of the articles in Academic Search Complete to find pertinent information about the articles and their authors:

  • Emerging Protections for Nursing Mothers in the Workplace
  • Fight For Your Right To Pump!

2. Use the C.R.A.A.P. test and information found on the Evaluating Resources video to evaluate the articles.

3. Determine whether or not you would use Article 1 and/or Article 2 for your research paper.

4. Be ready to justify your responses.

Discussion of Scholarly Resources

Anatomy of a Scholarly Article: A guide from North Carolina State University Libraries which dissects a scholarly article.


Suggested Search Locations

  1. The first place to look is Academic Search Complete (and EBSCO Host Databases including Business Source Elite)
    • Filter by Scholarly
    • Choose last 5 years
  2. The second place to look is Proquest Central
    • Filter by Peer reviewed
    • Last 5 years
    • Select Publication title/More
    • Choose journal titles that best apply to your topic
  3. The next place to look is General Library Search Tool
    • Use Advanced Search
    • Filter by Scholarly & last 5 years
    • Use other filters
      1. Journal Articles
      2. Subject Terms
  4. The fourth place to look is Sage Open Access Journals
    • ​​Use advanced search
    • Filter by last 5 years
  5. The final place to look is Google Scholar:
    • Last 5 years
    • Sort by date

Google Scholar Search

Google Scholar Search

Use Google Scholar to find articles from a wide variety of academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories and universities, as well as scholarly articles available across the Web. A drawback is that not all articles are free.