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PAL Research Guide

Chicago Style

In the system favored by many writers in the humanities, bibliographic citations are provided in notes, preferably supplemented by a bibliography. The notes, whether footnotes or endnotes, are usually numbered and correspond to superscript note reference numbers in the text.

Roosevelt University has copies of the most recent edition of the Chicago Manual of Style available for you to browse and reference. You can find a link to them in our catalog here (

What are Footnotes and Endnotes?

Footnotes and Endnotes are comments inserted into your text that can provide citations or further commentary on a topic. These are both marked with a number inside of the text and point to text either at the bottom of the page (footnotes) or at the end of a chapter or book (endnotes). Using Microsoft Word, you can easily insert footnotes or endnotes into your papers.

How to Insert Footnotes and Endnotes

What is a Bibliography?

A bibliography is a list of works that have been cited in your paper or that you read during the writing process. It takes the form of a list at the end of the work that is in alphabetical order. This will be formatted with an hanging indent.