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PAL Research Guide

Web Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Web Dictionaries & Encyclopedias (e.g., Grove Music Online) (MLA 5.6.2)
Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Reference Work, Edition (if stated), Volume, Publisher, Date of Publication, URL or DOI.


Wolff, Christoph, and Walter Emery. “Bach, Johann Sebastian.” Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 20 Jan. 2001, doi.org/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.6002278195.

Note: In-text citations for encyclopedias should include both the volume number and page number.

Example: (Author, volume #, pages)

Print Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Print Encyclopedias (e.g., New Grove and MGG) (MLA 5.5.7)
Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Reference Work. Edited by Names of Editors, edition (if stated), volume, Publisher, Date of Publication, page numbers (only include if the encyclopedia is not in alphabetical order).


Kammertön, Christoph. "Pleyel." Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Edited by Ludwig Finscher, Second Revised Edition, Personenteil volume 13., Bärenreiter, 2005.

Note: In-text citations for encyclopedias should include both the volume number and page number.

Example: (Author, volume #, pages)